Why Vegans Don't Eat Honey

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Samuel Anthony
Mar 29, 2023
A jar of honey with a honey dipper dripping with honey above the jar.

Veganism is a lifestyle that is becoming increasingly popular as people become more aware of the ethical and environmental impact of their food choices. While most people understand that vegans avoid meat and dairy products, many may not know that vegans also avoid honey. We often frame honey as a healthy and natural sweetener. However, for vegans, it is an animal product not considered ethical to consume. This article will explore why vegans do not eat honey, the arguments for and against its consumption, and the alternatives available for those who wish to avoid it. By understanding the reasons behind this dietary choice, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the values and principles of the vegan lifestyle.

What is Veganism?

Veganism is a lifestyle choice that involves abstaining from consuming animal products. The list of foods and products avoided includes not only meat and dairy products but also eggs, honey, and any other products derived from animals. Vegans base their principles on the belief that animals should not be exploited or harmed for human use, whether for food, clothing, entertainment, or any other purpose.

Many people choose to become vegan for ethical reasons, believing that all animals have the right to live without human interference. Additionally, some people choose veganism for environmental reasons, as animal agriculture significantly contributes to climate change, deforestation, and other environmental issues. Others choose veganism for health reasons due to a plant-based diet's links with a reduced risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

Veganism is more than just a dietary choice; it is a way of life that extends beyond the food we eat. It includes using cruelty-free and environmentally friendly products, supporting animal rights organizations, and advocating for animal welfare. By choosing a vegan lifestyle, individuals can positively impact the world around them and live according to their values and beliefs.

What is Honey?

Honey is a natural sweetener produced by bees from the nectar of flowers. Bees collect the nectar in their mouths and transport it to the hive, where it is regurgitated and passed from bee to bee until partially digested. The bees then deposit this partially digested nectar into honeycomb cells, where further processing takes place through the evaporation of water and the addition of enzymes. The result is a thick, sweet, and viscous liquid known as honey.

Humans have used honey as a food source for thousands of years, and we humans tout it for its health benefits. It contains small amounts of vitamins and minerals, antioxidants, and antibacterial compounds. Honey is also a natural source of sugar, making it a popular alternative to refined sugar.

However, honey is not a viable food source for vegans due to its animal origins. Bees are living creatures often seen as sentient beings that can feel pain and suffering. The honey production process involves the exploitation of bees, as we take the honey they produce from them for human consumption. The way we take this honey from bees has led many vegans to reject the consumption of honey on ethical grounds, as it goes against the principles of veganism.

Why don't vegans eat honey?

Vegans avoid honey because it is an animal product produced by exploiting bees. In commercial honey production, keepers often subject bees to harsh conditions and practices that can harm their health and well-being. The harmful practices include being transported long distances, clipping their wings, and being fed a diet of sugar water instead of their natural food source.

Additionally, extracting honey from the hive can be stressful and harmful to bees. Beekeepers often use smoke to calm the bees, which can cause respiratory distress and can disrupt the hive's natural functioning. Bees can also be crushed or injured during the extraction process. Keepers sometimes replace the honey taken from the hive with a sugar substitute, which can lead to nutritional deficiencies for the bees.

Beyond ethical concerns, honey production can also have negative environmental consequences. Honey production requires large amounts of energy and water, which can contribute to destroying natural habitats and displacing native bee populations. Using pesticides and other chemicals in agriculture can harm bees and reduce their populations.

While some people argue that we can harvest honey ethically and sustainably, many vegans believe we cannot justify the exploitation of bees. As such, they choose to avoid honey and seek out alternative plant-based sweeteners that do not involve animal products.

Alternatives to Honey for Vegans

For vegans who choose to avoid honey, many alternative sweeteners are available that are plant-based and do not involve exploiting animals. Here are some common alternatives to honey:

  1. Agave nectar: This sweetener is derived from the sap of the agave plant and has a similar taste and consistency to honey.
  2. Maple syrup: This sweetener is made from the sap of maple trees and has a rich, caramel-like flavour.
  3. Molasses: This byproduct of the sugar refining process is a thick, dark syrup rich in minerals and distinctive flavour.
  4. Date syrup: This sweetener is made from dates and has a rich, fruity flavour.
  5. Coconut nectar: This sweetener is derived from the sap of coconut trees and has a mild, caramel-like flavour.
  6. Brown rice syrup: This sweetener is made from brown rice and has a mild, nutty flavour.
  7. Fruit syrups: we can use syrups made from apples, pears, and grapes as sweeteners in baking and cooking.

By choosing plant-based sweeteners, vegans can enjoy the sweetness of natural foods without compromising their ethical beliefs.

Health Considerations for Vegan Sweeteners

While many plant-based sweeteners are available to vegans, there may be better options than some. Many of the alternatives to honey, such as agave nectar and brown rice syrup, are highly processed and contain high amounts of fructose or glucose, which can negatively impact our health.

Consuming high amounts of sugar and sweeteners have been linked to various health problems, including obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Additionally, the overconsumption of sweeteners can negatively impact the gut microbiome, a crucial component of our digestive and immune systems.

Studies have shown that a diet high in sugar and sweeteners can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the gut, leading to inflammation and a weakened immune response. In contrast, a diet rich in whole foods, including fruits and vegetables, can support a diverse and healthy gut microbiome.

For vegans looking for alternative sweeteners, it is essential to consider the health implications of their choices. While some sweeteners, such as maple and date syrup, are less processed and contain beneficial minerals and antioxidants, we should still consume these in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Ultimately, the best sweetener approach is to consume them in moderation and prioritize whole, plant-based foods in our diets. By doing so, we can support our gut microbiome's health and overall well-being while still satisfying our sweet tooth in a way that aligns with our ethical beliefs.


In conclusion, while honey is a natural sweetener, vegans avoid it due to the exploitation of bees and the negative environmental impact of commercial honey production. Fortunately, many plant-based sweeteners are available that do not involve the use of animal products. However, vegans should be mindful of the health implications of their choices and choose less processed options that support a healthy gut microbiome. Ultimately, by making informed and conscious choices about our food and sweeteners, we can live in harmony with the environment and animals while supporting our health and well-being.


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Sources & References

  1. Beegan, V., & Regan, J. (2013). The importance of animal welfare education in reducing honey bee colony loss: a review. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 26(3), 583-610.
  2. Ghosh, S., & Mukherjee, A. (2016). Honey and its anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-oxidant properties. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 95, 123-138.
  3. Hill, C., Guarner, F., Reid, G., Gibson, G. R., Merenstein, D. J., Pot, B., ... & Sanders, M. E. (2014). Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics consensus statement on the scope and appropriate use of the term probiotic. Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 11(8), 506-514.
  4. Insect Pollination and Pest Management. (2018). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from
  5. National Honey Board. (2021). Honey vs. Sugar. Retrieved from
  6. National Institutes of Health. (2022). Gut Microbiota Information. Retrieved from
  7. Vegan Society. (2022). Honey. Retrieved from
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